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Managing Diabetic Wounds



What Are Diabetic Wounds?

Diabetes affects the way the body processes glucose. Abnormally high blood glucose levels are associated with serious complications, including diabetic wounds. Diabetic wounds can be caused by:

  • Nerve damage (neuropathy)

  • Weakened immune system

  • Narrow arteries

The World Journal of Diabetes published a study that found 15% of diabetics develop diabetic foot ulcers during their lifetime. If left untreated, these sores can result in severe infection, gangrene, amputation, and even death. Proper prevention and treatment are the most effective means of addressing this serious health issue.


Diabetic Wound Symptoms

When nerves are injured, patients begin to lose feeling in their feet, a condition known as neuropathy. When this happens, patients may not be able to feel foot injury symptoms form. Often, calluses become ulcers in people with diabetes. In addition to diabetes-related complications, poor circulation can greatly inhibit the healing process of your feet.


Wound Complications

Wounds that become serious may cause so much damage to tissue and bone that amputation is necessary. It is important to care for a wound immediately before amputation becomes the only option.

Research shows that ulcers often appear as the wound becomes very serious, requiring a lower limb amputation. Wounds need to be treated as soon as possible to avoid serious health problems. Some complications include foot injury, infections, ulcers, damage to nerves, and poor blood flow.


Treatment

The best treatment is prevention, since medical treatment for diabetic wounds provides limited help. If a wound occurs, treatment can include:

  • Keeping all wounds clean and properly dressed